We know you have been researching for a while about “radiators”. That search is exactly what brought you to this blog. The good news is that you are on the right page. We will answer “Are aluminum radiators more efficient than other types of radiators?”.
Before we begin to compare and come to a conclusion, you need to know the types of radiators available in the market.
Types of Radiators
Radiators can be differentiated by distinct material types or on the basis of airflow.
Types of Radiators Based on Construction
Radiators' ability to cool is affected by a host of different factors. These factors include the materials used in construction, methods, and design. The point is to look at how radiators function, not all the different elements of radiator design. Through the radiator core, the hot coolant that comes from the engine passes through the tubes of one radiator tank to the other. As the heat moves through the tubes, it is transferred to the tube walls and dispersed by the radiator fins. The wider the radiator's surface area, the better it can cool. The way radiators work is the same everywhere, so why are there two different flow styles?
Down-flow and Cross-flow Radiators
Neither of these radiators require any special skills to construct. The only difference is where the tanks are attached. With a down-flow radiator, the radiator core is connected to a tank at the top and bottom. Flowing coolant enters the top tank and runs down to the bottom tank.
By now, you should have figured out that crossflow radiators have tanks on both sides. The coolant enters one side of the radiator and moves across to the other. But does that effect the cooling capacity?
It is assumed that crossflow and down-flow radiators made from the same materials and construction techniques will provide the same level of cooling. Where does the difference lie?
Space under the hood is what makes the difference. Depending on your vehicle or equipment, you may be able to fit a larger crossflow radiator instead of a down-flow. This relates back to the surface area. It will cool equally if the radiators are the same size. It is possible to increase cooling capacity by installing a larger radiator with a different flow pattern. Which radiator to use primarily comes down to space requirements.Copper-Brass Radiators
Up until 1980, all automobiles came equipped with copper- brass radiators with brass tanks. Due to their high cost and corrosion issues, copper radiators have been replaced by plastic and aluminum radiators.
As advancements have taken place over time, copper- brass radiators have become more compact and lighter.
The main problem with copper-brass radiators is their high cost and vulnerability to rust over time. Although they are reliable and do their jobs perfectly well, they are also expensive.
Plastic and aluminum radiators, which are the cheapest types of car radiators, have an aluminum core and a plastic tank.
Modern cars are equipped with these radiators, which are mass-produced by manufacturers.
Aluminum radiators are designed for high-performance cars requiring top performance and feature both an aluminum core and a tank made of aluminum.
Aluminum radiators have a great cooling efficiency Due to its high thermal conductivity, aluminum absorbs heat much more quickly.
The Answer to “Are aluminum radiators more efficient than other types of radiators?”
The following are some additional benefits of aluminum radiators besides being a less expensive alternative to copper-brass radiators. The lighter your vehicle is, the more fuel efficient it is. Aluminum is relatively light in weight.
- Due to its strength and durability, aluminum radiators are less likely to crack or bend when exposed to high temperatures.
- Corrosion and rust are less likely to occur with aluminum.
- The hot coolant traveling through the tubes cools more quickly because aluminum conducts heat well and absorbs it quickly.
Aluminum radiators also have the advantage of being recyclable metals, which means they are friendlier for the environment. The old aluminum radiator can be recycled at local recycling centers if you decide to replace it. After melting down, the aluminum will be made into a brand-new radiator or another aluminum item.
Another reason why aluminum radiators are more efficient is because of the life of an aluminum radiator. It is generally longer than that of a copper-brass radiator. The lifespan of most aluminum radiators is between 8 and 10 years. These last between six and ten years longer than copper-brass ones!
The material copper is actually a better conductor of heat than aluminum. The problem is that a copper radiator is not completely made of copper. The tubes and fin are copper however they are bonded together with lead, which has horrible heat transfer capabilities. The end tanks are brass, and the side channels are steel. The trick to better cooling is wider tubes and shorter fins. This increases the “tube to fin” contact area, which determines the radiator’s efficiency.
Aluminum radiators are 100% furnace brazed without any insulating solder. Because of this, aluminum radiators have a better cooling capacity than copper radiators.
Aluminum vs Copper-Brass: A Tough Call?
There is no comparison between copper-brass and aluminum in terms of heat conductivity. Comparatively, copper-brass conducts more heat. A larger tube and more fins increase the surface area.
Wouldn't it be great if we could build a five-core copper-brass radiator featuring enormous tubes and lots of cooling fins? There are certain limitations, such as the weight, strength, and airflow of the materials.
A copper-brass alloy cannot withstand the pressure generated under even relatively mild cooling systems, so its tubes are more likely to burst.
For better understanding, let's break it down as follows: -
- A copper-brass radiator with 1-inch tubes is 60 percent heavier than a 1-inch aluminum radiator with 0.016-inch walls.
- By using 1-inch tubes, the cooling capacity will increase by about 25 percent when compared to a radiator built with 11/42-inch tubes.
As a result, two rows of aluminum tubes, each 1 inch in diameter, will be able to cool as effectively as five rows of copper-brass tubes, each 11/42 inches in diameter. The two-row design allows for smoother airflow through the core because it frees up some extra room under the hood. The more air you have, the better the cooling.
Is it possible to replace my copper brass radiator with an aluminum one?
If your car was built before 1980, you might wonder if an aluminum radiator can be installed. You can usually switch to aluminum radiators in most cases.
There are some instances in which an aluminum radiator should be your first choice when you need to replace your radiator:
- If your car's original radiator was aluminum
- If your vehicle overheats frequently and has poor air flow
- When there isn't much space beneath your hood
- In case you aren't sure what type of radiator you should use
A custom radiator might also be a viable option in some cases.
Another example of a situation where you might need a custom-built aluminum radiator is if you have a muscle car, hot rod, or race car.
Aluminum radiators cool better when designed well. The aftermarket and OEM markets are seeing an increase in aluminum radiators these days.
Since aluminum radiators are more resistant to pressure and damage, they carry less risk of corrosion. These qualities make them flexible and extremely sturdy.
Additionally, their cores are thinner, allowing for better airflow, while their aluminum tubes are wider, so they have a stronger contact with the fins.
Lastly and most importantly, the price is about half that of copper brass equivalents.
Verdict: Yes, aluminum radiators are more efficient than other types of radiators and you should get yours today!